Mini-Lessons -Secondary

Mini-Lessons on Searching & Researching

Searching for Information
 Read aloud:
 " News article headline: Wendy's has Horse Meat in Their Burgers. -Empire News, 2014."

  - "True or False?"
  - " Does it matter if this is a true fact?"
  -  "Who does it effect if true?  Who does it effect if false?"


                             Check Snopes to see if you are correct!


 Taking Notes
Tell them:
 Famous actor, Shia LaBeouf said that we are a cut and paste culture and that almost  everything we do or say on the internet/social media is a copy of a copy . . . .? 

 Ask them:
 Are we a cut and past culture? 
 How do we avoid cutting and pasting our notes?

 Ways to Avoid:
 Paraphrase your notes - putting the notes in your own words.  
   Step 1. You can do this by reading a line or two of the article or webpage 
   Step 2. Then closing the book or going to another tab so that you are not tempted to look at the  original article.
   Step 3.  Now, write the notes in your own words 

                                Use Fact Fragment Frenzy to practice taking notes!


 Avoiding Plagiarism-
 Read Aloud: 
 The Superindendent of the Mansfield School District in Massachusetts,  lost her job because  she was accused of plagarizing parts of a graduation speech originally given by Admiral  McRaven at the University of Texas.  Losing a job as a superindendent and her reputation for  plagarizing probably made her ineligible to ever work in the position of superindendent  anywhere again.  That is a loss of an average of $225,000 a year.  Not counting all the years  of study to achieve this prestigious position.

 "What are a few specific steps you can take to prevent plagiarizing someone?"

 -Paraphrasing your notes.
 -If and when we do copy our notes - copy word for word and put our notes in quotes.
 -Citing our sources of information.

Searching for Images & other media
Introduce to the students the extensive list of copyright free resources.  

                                                 Click Here for list
 Ask them:
 What do you think of the list?  Any questions?


 How to Access:
 They can access this list by going to:
 Then to Students & then to Research.

Evaluating Images
 "How can you tell that a graphic or image is true photo or a faux-to (fake photo)?"

 "Can you tell if it has been photo-shopped?  If so, how?"


                                Click here to view or print the lesson


 Reading graphics, graphs, maps, etc.                                              
                                          Click here for the lesson

 Reading Survey Results
 Tell them:
 "It would be nice to get paid for taking a survey wouldn't it?"   Some companies or  organizations pay people to take surveys.  

 Ask them: 

 "Does it matter if people are paid or not?"

 "How do you think a volunteer survey differs from a survey in which the participants are paid?"

 Giving Attribution
 "Have you ever snagged a photo or video off the internet without giving the photographer  credit?"

 "Is there any difference between the creator of a work/photograph and a person who borrows  that work?

             Now play this engaging video on giving attribution: Creative Commons

 "Are there any advantages to using Creative Commons images over using copyrighted  images?!"  

Why Give an Attribution or a Citation?!
 Tell them:
 Attribution - to give credit to the person who created a work in any form of media -  photograph, musical piece, video, photograph

 Citation - giving credit to the person who wrote an article or book


 What are the benefits of giving a citation or attribution on someone's work we borrowed? 


 Possible answers:
                - It establishes credibility and authority on the work your doing.  
                - It feels good to give someone credit who deserves it.

What You  Do Online Matters!
For Good or Bad
 "Why do they call the activity you do online a 'Digital Footprint'?"
                             Watch this to find out: Common Sense Media

 "Now people say it is not a Footprint but rather a Digital Tattoo?  What do you think is the  significance or importance of changing the name from 'Footprint' to 'Digital Tattoo'?"


 Display photos in link below and ask what actions do you think each individual took to get their specific Tats: Various Digital Tattoos

 "What does your Digital Tattoo look like?"


   Mini-Lessons on All Subjects

 Creating Presentations
 Introduce to the students how both copyright and Creative Commons -copyright free  licensing works with this video.   
                                            Video Here

 Ask them:
 How do they want others to use their work?  For profit? Permission to modify?

to bottom of the page on the link below to see the various types of licensing:

                                            Click Here


Social Media
 "Do you think your behavior on Social Media can affect your private life and relationships?  "How about your school life?"

 -In Google 'students in trouble for social media' &  see how many results you get.
 -Don't forget to continue to see the results on pages 2, 3, etc. ! 

 Now search:
 -In Google 'students using social media for good'.


         Video on great ideas on how to use Social Media for good: 
 Studying Historical Figures
or Literary Characters
 "If Twitter or Facebook or Instagram were available during the time our literary character or  historical figure "lived" what might he or she have Tweeted or posted?"

 "Describe any photos or posts that you imagine they could have posted that would have  negatively effected them or their family?"

 "Describe any photos or posts that you imagine they may have posted that may have  positively effected them or their family?"

 Online Presence
 "What is your online presence? -If we were to look you up online what do you think we would  find?"

Tell them:

 For the next 5 mins. use one or two of the following sites to search the web & deep web to  find info. about yourself:     
MIT's Personas



 "What did you find out?"
 "Was the info. accurate?"
 "Is there anything you do not want your teachers, parents or grandparents to find online 
     about you?"


 Tell them:

 You need to know: The information collected on you is both active, such as accounts you  have created -Instagram, etc., and passive, such as cookies a site has secretly collected on  your browsing history.


     Watch what other students think about their Digital Tattoo:
       (FYI - More than 80% of employers do online searches on someone before they hire them!)
Created by  Joe Tedesco